VideoHelp Forum


Try DVD Fab Video Downloader and rip Netflix video! Or Try DVD Fab and copy Blu-rays! or rip iTunes movies!
+ Reply to Thread
Page 1 of 2
1 2 LastLast
Results 1 to 30 of 37
Thread
  1. So youtube offer four video formats: 3GP, FLV, MP4, and WebM, with range of resolutions between 144p - 720p.

    For example, this youtube link will gave these selection download links in keepvid.com:
    Download 3GP - 144p - 4.0 MB
    Download 3GP - 240p - 11.2 MB
    Download FLV - 240p - 16.9 MB
    Download FLV - 360p - 25.3 MB
    Download FLV - 480p - 38.3 MB
    Download MP4 - (Max 480p) - 22.9 MB => (Note: after downloaded, I found out it's actually 360p)
    Download MP4 - 720p - 68.1 MB
    Download WebM - 360p - 33.8 MB
    Download WebM - 480p - 53.3 MB
    Download WebM - 720p - 82.9 MB


    The question is very simple, what should I pick from above selections to get the best quality video?

    Of course, 3GP are opted out immediately because they have too low resolutions.

    People might suggest to take the 720p with the logic "highest resolution=highest quality", but after I downloaded them, I found out the 720p video looked more ugly than the lower resolution videos (I don't know the term for this, but the 720p video showed the artifact or jagging line more clearly). It seems 360p has the best looking video display. Probably the original uploaded video resolution is around 360p, so that's why it looks bad in higher resolution.

    How about 480p video? Well, it turned out there are only two options: FLV (480p) and WebM (480p). Since WebM is not good (I had explained before), so there is only one option: the FLV. When I compared FLV (480p) with FLV (360p) and MP4 (360p), it seems 360p videos are better, although in some frames, FLV (480p) can look better. Currently, I choose to opt out FLV (480p) for sake of convenience. I want to focus on 360p first.

    Now, I'm confused to choose between FLV (360p), MP4 (360p), or WebM (360p). I compared them by playing and stopping the video in same frame and looking at each of them (I'm using MPC-HC from K-Lite Mega Codec Pack for the video player). I found out WebM is kinda jagged although it has the biggest filesize among three. So I decided to opt out WebM.

    Now, it's between FLV (360p) and MP4 (360p). When I'm seeing both of them carefully, they seems equal in sense of numbers of artifact shown but in different frames. So, for example the FLV has artifacts in frame 300-400. But in same frame range, the MP4 showed smoother frames, however in different frame like 600-800, the MP4 shown artifacts and FLV is smoother. Of course, there is no way I would check and compare the video frames one-by-one. So, I'm thinking there must be the other way.

    Here are the MediaInfo from both videos (note: I trimmed the Audio info because it's unnecessary):

    1. FLV (360p)
    Code:
    Format                                   : Flash Video
    File size                                : 25.3 MiB
    Duration                                 : 6mn 47s
    Overall bit rate                         : 521 Kbps
    httphostheader                           : o-o---preferred---sn-4pgnuhxqp5-jb3e---v19---lscache2.c.youtube.com
    
    Video
    Format                                   : AVC
    Format/Info                              : Advanced Video Codec
    Format profile                           : Main@L2.2
    Format settings, CABAC                   : Yes
    Format settings, ReFrames                : 3 frames
    Codec ID                                 : 7
    Duration                                 : 6mn 47s
    Bit rate                                 : 386 Kbps
    Width                                    : 640 pixels
    Height                                   : 360 pixels
    Display aspect ratio                     : 16:9
    Frame rate mode                          : Constant
    Frame rate                               : 14.970 fps
    Color space                              : YUV
    Chroma subsampling                       : 4:2:0
    Bit depth                                : 8 bits
    Scan type                                : Progressive
    Bits/(Pixel*Frame)                       : 0.112
    Stream size                              : 18.7 MiB (74%)
    2. MP4 (360p)
    Code:
    Format                                   : MPEG-4
    Format profile                           : Base Media / Version 2
    Codec ID                                 : mp42
    File size                                : 22.9 MiB
    Duration                                 : 6mn 47s
    Overall bit rate mode                    : Variable
    Overall bit rate                         : 472 Kbps
    Encoded date                             : UTC 2012-03-01 07:07:34
    Tagged date                              : UTC 2012-03-01 07:07:34
    gsst                                     : 0
    gstd                                     : 407463
    gssd                                     : B6F5EF804HH1348909191457421
    gshh                                     : o-o---preferred---sn-4pgnuhxqp5-jb3e---v7---lscache8.c.youtube.com
    
    Video
    ID                                       : 1
    Format                                   : AVC
    Format/Info                              : Advanced Video Codec
    Format profile                           : Baseline@L2.2
    Format settings, CABAC                   : No
    Format settings, ReFrames                : 1 frame
    Codec ID                                 : avc1
    Codec ID/Info                            : Advanced Video Coding
    Duration                                 : 6mn 47s
    Bit rate                                 : 374 Kbps
    Maximum bit rate                         : 976 Kbps
    Width                                    : 640 pixels
    Height                                   : 360 pixels
    Display aspect ratio                     : 16:9
    Frame rate mode                          : Variable
    Frame rate                               : 14.971 fps
    Minimum frame rate                       : 10.000 fps
    Maximum frame rate                       : 15.000 fps
    Color space                              : YUV
    Chroma subsampling                       : 4:2:0
    Bit depth                                : 8 bits
    Scan type                                : Progressive
    Bits/(Pixel*Frame)                       : 0.108
    Stream size                              : 18.2 MiB (79%)
    From above informations, it seems FLV has slightly higher video bitrate than the MP4 (386 Kbps vs 374 Kbps), however MP4 has Variable Frame Rate Mode. I'm not expert in multimedia, but I want to know, does higher bitrate from above two videos prove it has better quality? Does Variable Frame Rate Mode might produces better quality display? Any advices?

    So basically, anyone can help me to choose the best quality video from the above download selections? Also, anyone can share how to compare quality between different resolution videos, such as: 360p and 480p?
    Last edited by ohboy888; 30th Sep 2012 at 09:15.
    Quote Quote  
  2. You cannot tell the quality of any video before seeing it. But generally:

    At the same bitrate, MPEG 4 part 10 (h.264, AVC) can be better than MPEG 4 part 2 (Xvid, Divx) can be better than MPEG 2.

    VFR can be better than CFR at the same bitrate.

    Within a particular codec higher bitrates deliver better quality. But the particular settings used during encoding can make a big difference.

    Different videos may do better with some settings than others.
    Last edited by jagabo; 29th Sep 2012 at 10:59.
    Quote Quote  
  3. Member
    Join Date
    Jan 2003
    Location
    India
    Search Comp PM
    From what I have seen, unless a 1080p option is available, the 720p is likely to be an up-scaled version of a DVD, or even worse, a VCD.
    Watch your shortlisted versions full-screen on Youtube , you will find it easier to differentiate between them.
    In the specific case you have mentioned, since 1080p is not available, I would just compare the flv 480p and 360p versions and decide.
    Quote Quote  
  4. ^ It seems to depend on the uploader, if they upload upscaled 720p then thats what YT will display. I've uploaded captured 720p and YT displayed it as such and not as upscaled SD.
    Quote Quote  
  5. @jagabo:
    Thanks for your information. Between FLV (360p) and MP4 (360p), the video bitrate differences is not so big, and the MP4 has VFR, so it seems MP4 (360p) might be the best choice for now.


    @mgh:
    Between FLV (360p), FLV (480p), and MP4 (360p) at some frames, MP4 (360p) tends to display smoother frame while the others are showing jagged pixels. I don't know if the smoother frames in MP4 is because of VFR encoding, although unfortunately it doesn't happen in MP4 (720p). I'm thinking MP4 (360p) is better than FLV (480p) although the bigger/480p resolution is kinda tempting me.


    If maximum available video resolution on a youtube video is 720p, could that mean the original uploaded video resolution is 720p too?
    Quote Quote  
  6. Why don't you give us a concrete example? A link to the video you're talking about.

    Another thing you need to keep in mind is that Youtube has used different codecs over the years. So different videos may have different codecs in the files.
    Quote Quote  
  7. Originally Posted by ohboy888 View Post


    If maximum available video resolution on a youtube video is 720p, could that mean the original uploaded video resolution is 720p too?
    Yes. You will not get a 720p option on youtube if user doesn't upload 720p or greater . (This doesn't necessarily indicate anything about the quality of the uploaded video, or if the user did the upscaling)
    Quote Quote  
  8. Originally Posted by jagabo View Post
    Why don't you give us a concrete example? A link to the video you're talking about.

    Another thing you need to keep in mind is that Youtube has used different codecs over the years. So different videos may have different codecs in the files.
    Lol, the example link is in first post. Just click "this youtube link".


    @poisondeathray:
    Thanks for your explanation.
    Quote Quote  
  9. Ah, I tried the individual links but they didn't work (their specific to your IP address). The 720p video was poorly upscaled from a standard definition interlaced video. I downloaded a couple of the 640x360 versions, one FLV the other MP4. They looked about the same. They're all pretty poor quality, jerky ~15 fps, bitrate starved.
    Quote Quote  
  10. Originally Posted by jagabo View Post
    Ah, I tried the individual links but they didn't work (their specific to your IP address). The 720p video was poorly upscaled from a standard definition interlaced video. I downloaded a couple of the 640x360 versions, one FLV the other MP4. They looked about the same. They're all pretty poor quality, jerky ~15 fps, bitrate starved.
    What is standard definition interlaced video?

    But still, do you think the best one to get is the 360p? Or should I take the 240p version?
    Quote Quote  
  11. It was probably originally 720x576 interlaced and was upscaled to 1280x720 without taking into account it was interlaced.

    If you're going to watch the video full screen pick the 640x360 version. Of the two I saw the 640x360 had much less artifacting. But the 240p video was sorensen spark, not avc.
    Quote Quote  
  12. Originally Posted by jagabo View Post
    It was probably originally 720x576 interlaced and was upscaled to 1280x720 without taking into account it was interlaced.

    If you're going to watch the video full screen pick the 640x360 version. Of the two I saw the 640x360 had much less artifacting. But the 240p video was sorensen spark, not avc.
    Thanks, I guess I'm gonna take the MP4 (360p).

    I got reply from the uploader, it's true that he had compressed and then upscaled the video.


    I'm curious, let's say the youtube video is directly uploaded from the source (no upscaling, etc). What would you pick? I guess the prominent choices would be between MP4 and WebM at the highest resolution.

    For example is this youtube video:
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X6XXia5B2Wg

    By comparing above video between MP4 (1080p) and WebM (1080p), MP4 is still smoother at some frames than WebM. Whatever resolutions WebM has and despite of the big filesize it has, WebM is always a bit inferior to MP4 at same resolution from my comparison.

    Anything you can tell about WebM (VP8)? Could it be true that MPEG 4 part 10 (h.264, AVC) is better than WebM?
    Last edited by ohboy888; 2nd Oct 2012 at 06:18.
    Quote Quote  
  13. h.264 is superior to VP8.
    Quote Quote  
  14. ^lol, there must be a good side in WebM, if not why the filesize is so big?
    Quote Quote  
  15. Originally Posted by ohboy888 View Post
    ^lol, there must be a good side in WebM
    It's open source and free.
    Quote Quote  
  16. Better compression implies better quality at the same bitrate.

    But youtube usually allocates more bitrate to the webm versions, so it might not be clear which is better on youtube. Some sections maybe better, some worse. Again, you have to use your eyes, you cannot just pick beforehand.

    The audio is usually better on the webm versions as well (YT usually gives them more bitrate as well). Some people think it's a conspiracy to push more acceptance for webm
    Quote Quote  
  17. Member vhelp's Avatar
    Join Date
    Mar 2001
    Location
    New York
    Search Comp PM
    sorry to jump in like this.. but, is there an &parameter one can add in the YT url to get other the standard video format YT dishes out ?

    i seem to only get flv and avc although i mainly default to the 360p on account of my slower internet (dsl) speed. i wouldn't mind checking out the webm version if i can change modes freely, tx.

    regarding the posted clip.. its mostly very bright and the darks seem to be too dark (0-255) so that may account for why you see less artifacts, hence perceived better quality. still, its a good video to snip for my library, ty.
    Quote Quote  
  18. Originally Posted by vhelp View Post
    sorry to jump in like this.. but, is there an &parameter one can add in the YT url to get other the standard video format YT dishes out ?
    no, not SD formats

    There are only codes for 720p with "&hd=1" , and and 1080p through a popup "watch_popup?v=VIDEO_ID&vq=hd1080"

    I don't know if there are any codes for webm , but of course you can just manually select the version you want
    Quote Quote  
  19. Member vhelp's Avatar
    Join Date
    Mar 2001
    Location
    New York
    Search Comp PM
    but even the pullups don't show the format (webm, avc, flv) just the size.
    edit 1: let me search around google then, maybe i will come up with something, tx anyway.
    edit 2: found this, so far..but doesn't give vid format..still searching..
    Code:
    /**********************************************
    //     2010.12.22 list of video formats 
    // fmt=5    240p          vq=small     flv
    // fmt=18   240p or 360p  vq=medium    mp4
    // fmt=34   240p or 360p  vq=medium    flv
    // fmt=35   480p          vq=large     flv
    // fmt=22   720p          vq=hd720     mp4
    // fmt=37  1080p          vq=hd1080    mp4
    ***********************************************/
    Quote Quote  
  20. I can't see the Webm videos with Download Helper.
    Quote Quote  
  21. Member vhelp's Avatar
    Join Date
    Mar 2001
    Location
    New York
    Search Comp PM
    maybe it is for select videos then. i would like to test some scenarios out. are there any known YT urls that have webm clips? preferably very short clips ?
    Quote Quote  
  22. The fmt codes are old - they no longer work for over year now

    flash video downloader plugin for firefox will display all options you can download, but you have to visit the YT page (and it starts loading /playing the default video)

    jdownloader has a youtube parser and will show all versions as well, format and filesizes. The benefit of jdownloader is no video is downloaded automatically , no extra bandwidth wasted (you don't have to visit the youtube page, as it automatically starts playing and wastes bandwidth if it's not the version you want) . The negative is it relies on java, and is quite bloated
    Image Attached Thumbnails Click image for larger version

Name:	1.jpg
Views:	25672
Size:	129.2 KB
ID:	14101  

    Quote Quote  
  23. Member vhelp's Avatar
    Join Date
    Mar 2001
    Location
    New York
    Search Comp PM
    pdr, can you post the exact search term you used for that pic above ? or, what is that exact YT video url in that clip ?
    i'd like to test a theory, tx.
    edit: this is not working "bubaran kantor eps pura-pura bunuh diri part 2"
    Last edited by vhelp; 2nd Oct 2012 at 13:26.
    Quote Quote  
  24. vhelp - it was the same link as the in the 1st post

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=exYWqmNMj5c

    That was a screenshot from jdownloader's parser
    Quote Quote  
  25. DECEASED
    Join Date
    Jun 2009
    Location
    Heaven
    Search Comp PM
    Originally Posted by poisondeathray View Post
    .......

    The audio is usually better on the webm versions as well (YT usually gives them more bitrate as well). Some people think it's a conspiracy to push more acceptance for webm
    There is no such thing as conspiracy, Google has always been honest and good-intentioned.



    Quote Quote  
  26. Member vhelp's Avatar
    Join Date
    Mar 2001
    Location
    New York
    Search Comp PM
    tx, that worked.
    Quote Quote  
  27. Ah, I discovered that .webm was disabled in Download Helper for some reason. After enabling it I can see the .webm videos.
    Quote Quote  
  28. Originally Posted by ohboy888 View Post
    The question is very simple, what should I pick from above selections to get the best quality video?
    They all suck. It's 1.33:1 video stretched out to 1.78:1 (which, admittedly, can be fixed). It's jerky 15fps. The whites are blown and the blacks crushed. They're either poorly deinterlaced, or not deinterlaced at all. The guy that uploaded them doesn't know what he's doing. Sometimes you don't have a choice (I've gotten crummy videos myself sometimes), but if you can live without them that would be my choice.
    Quote Quote  
  29. @manono:
    Well, if you have to choose, what version would you choose?
    Quote Quote  
  30. Originally Posted by jagabo View Post
    Originally Posted by ohboy888 View Post
    ^lol, there must be a good side in WebM
    It's open source and free.
    H.264 is also open, WebM can be tuned (bitrate) by Google (VP8 owner) to "prove supremacy" of the VP8 (WebM) over H.264 (Google pushing really hard to eradicate H.264 from net)

    H.264 is supported by many portable devices (HW decoding) i.e. long lasting batteries due lower power consumption so H.264 seems to be optimal choice (anyway user already paid licensee fee buying device capable to H.264 decode so there is no argument for VP8 that VP8 is for free).
    Quote Quote  



Similar Threads